Hawker Hurricane Edit
The Hawker Hurricane came to be regarded as one of the most rugged and reliable fighter aircraft in RAF service, and it was undoubtedly its defensive role during the Battle of Britain in 1940 that forged its distinct niche in aviation history.
Designed by Sidney Cam, the Hurricane prototype was powered by a Rolls Royce P.C. 12 engine, later named Merlin, and made its first flight on November 6th 1935.
Following handling trials, a production order of 600 aircraft was place, the first of these entering service with 111 squadron at Northolt in December 1937.
At the outbreak of World War II, the RAF possessed 19 Hurricane squadrons and the type saw action in France and Norway. During the Battle of Britain in 1940, the average strength of Fighter Command was 1,326 Hurricanes compared with 957 Spitfires. The Hurricane MK I was powered by a 12 cylinder 1,030 hp Rolls Royce Merlin III engine giving a maximum speed of 324 mph (521 km/h) at 15,650 ft (4,770 m) and a range of 505 miles (813 km). Armament included 8 .303 inch Browning machine guns in wings.